"I can think of no American alive today who has touched more lives for the better than Sargent Shriver. Reel off the names of the organizations he inspired, led, or created and you have a sense of his multiplying legacy: Peace Corps, Head Start, VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action, Upward Bound, Foster Grandparents, Special Olympics. To each he brought the passionate conviction that no one need be spiritually unemployed when there is so much to be done in the world." Bill Moyers, Journalist and former White House Press Secretary President Lyndon B. Johnson Administration from 1965 to 1967. Excerpt from Forward - Sarge: The Life and Times of Sargent Shriver by Scott Stossel.
Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. was born and grew up in Maryland. His brother, Herbert, right, and his parents, Hilda and Robert Sargent Shriver, Sr., posed for this portrait on a trip to Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Herbert and Sargent both served in the United States Navy. A graduate of Yale University and Yale Law School, Robert Sargent Shriver served in the U.S. Navy for five years before ending his military career as lieutenant commander.
In 1953, Sargent married Eunice Kennedy, and one of the great marital partnerships of the 20th Century was under way.
When Sarge (far left) married Eunice Kennedy (fourth from right), he became a member of the Kennedy family. Here's Sarge with future U.S. president John Kennedy (fourth from left) and many members of the Kennedy clan, including Robert (fifth from right) and Teddy (second from right).
The Shrivers had five children, all of whom have made significant marks in public life. From left, Timothy, Mark, Maria, Sargent, Anthony, Eunice and Bobby.
In 1961, Shriver was tapped by his brother-in-law, President John F. Kennedy, to lead a new organization called the Peace Corps, which was designed to improve the image of America abroad during the time of the Cold War. The federal program sent volunteers overseas to give instruction in technical skills, but also to exchange cultures and friendships across borders. The Peace Corps is still going strong, fifty years later.
Sargent Shriver, forever a public servant, inspired a new generation of young people into public service who otherwise would have gone to industry or Wall Street. Here, Sargent speaks to a group of students about becoming Peace Corps volunteers.
In his role as first director of the Peace Corps, Sarge hopped airplanes, bumped along on jeeps, rode horseback and on camels, and walked endless miles to supervise far-flung operations. In 1964, he walked ruins in the country of Jordan.
Sargent Shriver's work was anchored by a core set of values - service, dedication, compassion, humility, reciprocity, and the spirit of charity. Among the stops he made on a visit to Turkey in 1964 for the Peace Corps was an orphanage. This visit reflected the belief he shared with Eunice, who founded Special Olympics four years later, that every human life has value.
In Khyber Pass, in the mountains dividing Pakistan and Afghanistan, Shriver's Peace Corps work took him about as far from the culture of home in Maryland as one could be.
A devout Catholic, Shriver devoted much thought to living in a way that honored his belief in God and his belief in the goodness and strength of people. Here, Shriver delivers a personal message to Pope Paul VI following President Kennedy's death.
President Lyndon B. Johnson tapped Shriver to be the architect of his signature program - the War on Poverty. Shriver created a myriad of programs including Head Start, Job Corps, VISTA, Community Action Program, Legal Services to the Poor, and Foster Grandparents, designed to help lift millions of Americans out of poverty. Like the Peace Corps, many of the programs started during the War on Poverty continue to serve Americans today.
Just as he traveled worldwide as head of the Peace Corps, Sarge visited the places in the United States where poverty made life a struggle. These visits drove Sarge and gave him important insight into the real experience of poverty, allowing him to make significant headway on the issue.
In 1976, Eunice Shriver and Sargent Shriver stand with labor leader and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez in Boston. Shriver's bid to become President ended when he did not secure the nomination of the Democratic Party.
Upon leaving a life in politics, Sarge served as President of Special Olympics working alongside his wife Eunice. His skills as a politician, diplomat, and peacemaker, helped open doors in the former Soviet Union, Tunisia, New Zealand, South Korea, and throughout the world, helping Special Olympics grow from a U.S.-based mission to the global organization it is today. In 2000, he posed with China's former President Zhang Ximen as they celebrated the kickoff of a campaign to reach 1 million Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities in China.
In 1994, Shriver received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, from President Bill Clinton, who said, "Robert Sargent Shriver has not only shared, but shaped, the action and passion of his times. It was Sarge Shriver's energy, persuasion, and leadership that made the goals of the Peace Corps attainable, that living reminder that the essence of American power is not might of arms, but constancy of ideals, and perseverance of effort. - 'Serve, serve, serve,' Sargent Shriver told Americans, because in the end, it will be the servants who save us all.' His service has been our legacy of hope."